*aim to arrive about 15 minutes early to allow time to change and put the real world to the back of your mind, in readiness for training. [[Samu]] may occur here too.\n!Format\n*The [[manji]] is also hung at the front of the [[dojo]], if it isn't there already.\n*Registration is undertaken. Kempo is an unusually [[bureaucratic|Shorinji Kempo organisation]] martial art.\n*Session fees are collected. These tend be small, and are used towards things like buying and replacing club equipment, covering [[senseis|sensei]] costs (who typically, or perhaps by Kempo philosophy, offer training for free), and subsidizing club events.
*This is the club I train at (and am treasurer for) at the moment.\n*To train with us, email [[shorinjikempo.cambridge@googlemail.com|mailto:shorinjikempo.cambridge@googlemail.com]] for more information.\n*We have a temporary website here: http://cambridge-sk.blogspot.com
*recital of Seiku and Seigan from the [[Dokun]], followed by a period of seated Zazen meditation, followed by Shinjo from the Dokun.\nCultivating a healthy mind is as much a part of Kempo as cultivating a healthy body is. In fact, according to Kempo, without one you cannot have the other.
[[Introduction]] [[Starting Points]]
!Seiku\n#Rely on yourself, and not on others, for no-one is as reliable as your own well desciplined self.\n#By committing evil you defile yourself. By avoiding evil you attain purity.\n!Seigan\n#In acquiring this art, we pledge to honour our founder and not betray our masters, to respect our elders, and not slight the young. As comrades, we pledge to help each other, and cooperate for the accomplishment of these teachings.\n#We pledge to leave our past aside, and to devote ourselves to mastering the art as plainly and naively as infants.\n#We pledge never to perform our art for selfish reasons, but for the benefit of all mankind.\n!Shinjo\n#We are grateful that we are endowed with our souls from Dharma and our bodies from our parents. We determine to make every effort to return their blessings.\n#We love our country, and determine to better the welfare of our people.\n#We love justice, respect humanity, observe courtesy, keep the peace and determine to be true and brave.\n#We strive to master the art, and discipline the body and soul.\n#We love our comrades, and help each other. We co-operate, and endeavour to establish an ideal world.
Shorinji Kempo employs these aspects of education:\n*''Goal setting'' - gives the learner a sense of context and the feeling that the overall task is achievable.\n*''A 'system of primitives' ''to ease internalization - there are no giant sized mouthfuls anywhere.\n*''Highly structured learning'' - high degrees of structure allow the learner to latch onto the structure they find appealing.\n*''Freedom enabling structure'' - allows the learner to express themselves freely within a structured framework.\n*''Continual practice at all levels'' - all levels are continually exercised.\n*''Repetition/Ritual'' - good for memory and mental state.\n*''Contemplation of its educational methods'' (ie: less blind faith) - gives the learner a reason to feel good about the methods.\n*''Teamwork'' - allows learners to benefit from each other's knowledge, attainment and encouragement.\n*''Supervision'' - speeds up the learning process through facilitators nipping bad habits and misunderstandings in the bud.
*''Healthy Mind'' - ie, a mind well connected to its body\n*''Healthy Body'' - ie, a body well connected to its mind\n*''Self Defence'' - maybe this is where I diverge: for 'self defence' read 'skillful actions', which in my mind subsumes 'self defence'. Anyone who tries to attain skill in their mental and physical actions will automatically gain a sensible level of self defence.
*practice of techniques with partners.\n*techniques are separated into various systems including:\n**[[goho]] and [[juho]] - hard and soft techniques
*philosophy of Kempo, based on [[Kaiso's Kongo Zen|Kaiso]].\n[[Kenshi|kenshi]] will gather around the [[sensei]](s) who will explain and demonstrate various points of Kempo philosophy relating to any part of Kempo, from ways of learning or doing techniques, to reasons for doing Kempo and the history of Kempo.
This is my take on Shorinji Kempo. It represents what I've got around to writing down of my current understanding. As such it's extremely incomplete and not awesomely technically accurate...\nI've been training for 2 years, I'm a green belt. Enough said :)
*Refers to ''Doshin So'', the founder of Shorinji Kempo and Kongo Zen.\nSee the [[BSKF|Shorinji Kempo organisation]] [[brief introduction|http://www.bskf.org/foundation.html]].
*basics: practicing the simplest techniques on which all other techniques are based.\n!Key aspects\n*[[uke]] - blocks\n*[[zuki]] - punches\n*[[keri]] - kicks\n*[[tan'en]] - kata\n*[[ukemi]] - rolls
[[BSKF|http://www.bskf.org/]]\n[[WSKO|http://www.shorinjikempo.or.jp/en/index.html]]\n[[CSKC|Cambridge Shorinji Kempo Club]]\n[[more information|links]]\n----\n[[topics awaiting attention]]\n----\n![[back to vI;P|../]]\n----\n[[email Cambridge SK|mailto:shorinjikempo.cambridge@googlemail.com]]\n----\n^^(MainMenu)^^
The organisation of any Kempo club can be split into two categories:\n*''Upward looking organisation'' - deals with the requirements of the [[BSKF|Shorinji Kempo organisation]] and [[WKSO|Shorinji Kempo organisation]] have for clubs.\n*''Downward looking organisation'' - deals with the specifics of how you meet the requirements of the higher tier organisations, and how the club wants to run itself.\n!Upward looking organisation\n*BSKF\n**Deals with [[kenshi]] and [[instructor|sensei]]'s yearly insurance, WSKO membership and gradings.\n*WSKO\n**WSKO requires branch registers to be submitted quarterly, through the BSKF.\n!Downward looking organisation\nAny club requires at least 1 [[sensei]] and 1 or more [[kenshi]] (is there a lower limit on kenshi?). New clubs tend to be offshoots of existing clubs (administrative burden is channelled through the parent club, as if the new club was merely part of the parent club), until they have gathered sufficient momentum to register for branch status with WKSO, through the BSKF.\nMost clubs have several established kenshi who have additional administrative responsibilities. University clubs tend to have a Captain (deals with the university facing administation), a Treasurer (also deals with university facing administration, and handles the money) and a Secretary (deals mainly with BSKF/WSKO administration), who work together to achieve the club's administrative requirements. I'm not sure how City clubs tend to operate. I assume they have some sort of a similar structure.\n*All [[sensei]]'s require instructor's insurance.\n*All members need insurance and WSKO membership, organised through the BSKF.\n*Records of attendance must be kept in accordance with WSKO requirements.\n*The training venue has to be taken care of.\n*Any payments as regards training equipment/venues/gradings and BSKF/WSKO fees must be taken care of.
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*the session opening, humbly asking each other to help each other train.\n!Format\n*The [[sensei]] shouts [['seiretsu'|seiretsu]], meaning 'line up'.\n*The sensei says '[[Renshu|renshu]] [[o-hajimemasu]]'.\n*The sensei then says [['shomen'|shomen]].\n*The sensei will then make any announcements, maybe ask if there are any injuries the dojo should be aware of, and then the session will commence proper.
*ending the session, announcements, tidying the dojo, and thanking each other for training.\n!Format\n*The [[sensei]] shouts [['seiretsu'|seiretsu]], meaning 'line up'.\n*The sensei then says '[[Renshu|renshu]] [[owarimasu]]'.\n*The sensei then says [['shomen'|shomen]].\n*The sensei then makes any announcements and ask for announcements.\n*The sensei then says [['otagai ni rei'|otagai ni rei]].\n*The sensei then dismisses the dojo.\n*The [[manji]] is put away, as is any other equipment not already put away. The dojo disperses.
*Cleaning of the [[dojo]], so that the session can take place in a relatively clean environment. Some or all [[kenshi]] may take part in this before a session starts.
*acupressure massage designed to rejuvenate and relax the body after hard training.\nSeiho is categorised according to body parts. Typically arms, legs, wrists, hands, ankles, feet, back, head and face are good candidates for seiho.
*Shorinji Kempo has a central administration based in Hombu, Japan. It is called WSKO (World Shorinji Kempo Organisation).\n*There are national federations in many countries, of which the BSKF (British Shorinji Kempo Federation) is one.\n*National federations are composed of branches. Usually there is one [[dojo]] per branch, but new dojos may be members of a parent branch, and get their own branch status once they are established.\n*All [[kenshi]] are members of every tier of Shorinji Kempo administration.
''in the ideas playground''
[[Shorinji Kempo|Starting Points]]
*[[Training session information|renshu]]\n!External\nThe [[World Shorinji Kempo Organization|http://www.shorinjikempo.or.jp/en/index.html]] and the [[Bristish Shorinji Kempo Federation|http://www.bskf.org/]] are good starting and reference points. Look at the [[links]] section too.
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*warm down: good to do after any sort of reasonable exertion.\nA short warm down consisting of dynamic and static stretches and cardiovascular activities.
*warm up, important before any sort of reasonable exertion.\nA warmup consisting of dynamic and static stretches and various muscular and cardiovascular activities including running, pushups, situps and similar things. There is lots of [[counting]], providing a good timing mechanism and method of practicing [[kiai]].
!Details\n[img[Shorinji Kempo Tokuhon|tokuhon.jpg]]\n!Summary\n*Baisc kempo textbook. Contains information for use in and out of the Dojo, directly and indirectly philosophically related too.
Shorinji Kempo has a progress measurement system whereby everyone wears a belt showing their approximate ability. There are 6 belts, divided into two groups: 5 for the kyu (beginner) grades, and 1 black one for the dan (advanced) grades. The ability gap between belts gets greater the further up you go, white-yellow is only a few months, but there are years between dan grades, even if you train hard.\n*[[white|white belt]] (5th kyu): absolute beginners wear a white belt.\n*yellow (4th kyu)\n*green (3rd kyu)\n*blue (2nd kyu)\n*brown (1st kyu)\n*black (shodan): first of the black belt (dan) grades. Supposedly shodans are 'beginning kenshi'. Here you can be said to have started your training proper.\n*black (dan grades): there are several dan grades. I am nowhere near them, so I won't speak much about them.
Counting from 1 to 8 or 10 is a common count for exercising and stretching to. The numbers are as follows:\n*1 - ichi\n*2 - ni\n*3 - san\n*4 - shi\n*5 - go\n*6 - roku\n*7 - shichi\n*8 - hachi\n*9 - ku\n*10 - ju\nThe way we count during training led me to merely know the numbers in sequence. I didn't know the 1-10 as numbers, I knew them as three monster words: ich-ni-san-chi, go-roku-shichi-hachi, ku-ju. So I found a way to instill the numbers better: go to a free random number generator such as [[this one|http://www.random.org/nform.html]] or simply follow [[this link|http://www.random.org/cgi-bin/randnum?num=100&min=1&max=10&col=5]] to get 100 random numbers in the range 1-10. Then run down the list saying the numbers out loud, in Japanese.\nThis way you instill bonds between the numbers you know (whether they're linguistic and/or mathematical objects in your mind) and the japanese numbers, rather than having them standalone in your mind as compound objects that get recited whenever your sensei calls out a preset sequence.\nHopefully this way, anything you can do with the number that were already familiar to you, you will then be able to do with the Japanese numbers. Such as reciting them backwards, giving just odds, or evens, or ascending odds followed by descending evens, performing arithmetic fast (rather than having to count up from 1 each time to determine what the given numbers were), etc. etc.
Basically a cartwheel, but the emphasis is on speed, not on making a massive sweeping motion like a gymnast's cartwheel. You should learn to put your hands and feet down with controlled spacing between them, so you can come out of the 'roll' in the place you want to. Also, you should aim to look to the side when doing this: even when upside down.
*A training hall for holding training sessions in.
*greeting/salute: placing hands together in front of face, elbows raised so that forearms are horizontal.
*If things are going wrong, look to ''correct your feet first'', and work up from there. The positions and functional ranges/limits of almost every part of your body are affected by your foot placement.\n*''Be as loose as possible.'' Through loose movement you stay fresh, maintain good proprioception, have greater opportunity to sense the condition/limits of your opponent better (if you're in contact with them), respond to physical force more fluidly and generally reduce the risk of bodily damage to yourself and your partner(s).\n*''Apply force in the direction of minimum resistance.'' It's easier. Related is: ''if possible, do not resist force.'' Flowing with an incoming force is a good way to avoid negative effects. If you can apply your own force perpendicularly, tangentially or in parallel then you may be able to use incoming force to your advantage.\n*Look to ''generate movement centrally'', ie from your pelvis, torso and shoulders. Movements are more powerful if generated this way. I think there are close parallels with the Alexander Technique here: central generation of movements encourages the use of the body as a single, cohesive moving object, rather than a collection of mechanically disconnected items anchored to a torso. This sort of globally coordinated movement is (according to the Alexander Technique) good for your back and core muscles. The alternative is 'locally' coordinated movement, which doesn't rely so much on back/core muscles, but does inevitably influence them, often in ways so as to stress them and create unwanted tensions. This is a contributary factor in a lot of people's problems apparently!\n*If you find that your ''freedom of motion seems narrow or restricted'', try altering the position of a body part 'upstream' of the affected body part. For example, rotating hips forwards or backwards or opening them out or closing them can affect the freedom of motion of the thigh, and shoulder position affects arm movement etc.\n*Ensure a relevant ''load path to ground'' is available when required. When applying force without a suitable 'earthing' all you have is your inertia as backup for your application of force. By 'earthing' yourself you become an extension of the ground, which is less likely to yield, and give a better backup for your application of force. Foot placement is often vital here, as they are (usually) your contacts to earth.\n*Generally ''keep your centre of mass between your feet''. This tends to improve balance, and ensures a wide variety of potential movement. When your centre of mass is not between your feet you are generally more committed to a narrow range of potential movement.\n*''Maintain eye contact with your partner'', or similar eye direction. This way you can constantly see the whole of them at once and not give away your next moves/intentions so much.
*hard system, consisting of blocks, punches, kicks etc. Contrast with [[juho]], the soft system.\n*at higher levels goho and juho blend together.
*''hard and soft are one'' - as you get excellent at [[goho]] and [[juho]], the two systems merge together completely. (At a crude level, juho techniques contain elements of goho, such as kicks and punches, while elements of goho contain elements of juho, such as deflecting punches lightly during blocks etc.)
*back.
*soft system, consisting of wrist reversals, throws, pins etc. Contrast with [[goho]], the hard system.\n*at higher levels goho and juho blend together.
*front.
*'kamae' means 'stance'. Static positions.
*''body and mind are one'' - expresses the idea that one cannot exist without the other, and that there should be a balance of training: don't over-emphasize either.
*student of Shorinji Kempo.
*kicks.
*[[kamae]] whereby you stand with your feet together at the heels, and pointing slightly outwards, left hand on your [[belt]], with your right hand over your left, right thumb tucked in left palm. This kamae signals that you are ready for instruction, and are paying attention to proceedings.\n
*forceful, loud, diaphragmatic expulsion of air from the lungs.\nGood kiai is a very strong expression of spirit, and as such can be a powerful deterrent for an attacker. Effective kiai also tenses the abdominal muscles, providing momentary elevated protection from blunt attacks to the lower torso.\nKiai occurs throughout a session. [[Counting|counting]] during [[tai|Taiso: warmup]][[so|Taiso: warmdown]] is yet another way of practicing kiai.
!Organisations\n*[[BSKF|http://www.bskf.org/]] - British Shorinji Kempo Federation\n*[[WSKO|http://www.shorinjikempo.or.jp/en/index.html]] - World Shorinji Kempo Organization\n!Forums\n*[[Budoseek|http://www.budoseek.net/vbulletin/forumdisplay.php?f=62]] - various kenshi and other martial artists hang out here and in the adjacent forums.\n*[[E-Budo|http://www.e-budo.com/forum/forumdisplay.php?f=24]] - ditto.\n!Reference\n*[[kenseikai|http://kenseikai.world.coocan.jp/engindex.htm]] - a wealth of information in a very dated looking style, but looks pretty good to me.
*forward.
*defend against a hand attack to jodan by dodging forwards and kicking.\n!Steps\n*Start in zenkutsu dachi (weight on front leg).\n*As soon as gyaku zuki is on its way roll your body forward ('ryusui' means crescent or waterfall), blocking kinteki with shita uke, and attacking the opponent's chudan with gyaku geri.
Forward roll. Take care to tuck your head in and take as much weight on your hands as possible, rolling on your arm, then your shoulder, diagonally across your spine (not along it!), and then across the buttock opposite the shoulder you rolled over.
*the manji is the Kempo corporate logo printed onto a roll of fabric. When the manji is hung, the training hall becomes a [[dojo]], and dojo etiquette should be observed. In practice, dojo etiquette is usually observed whenever there are kenshi around the training hall around session time, regardless of the manji being up or not.
*Command meaning, stop [[reiing|gassho rei]].
*Prefixed by a session item (see [[renshu]]), this signals the beginning of a session item.\n*The front-right, or rightmost [[kenshi]] responds [['rei'|gassho rei]], and all the kenshi rei. The front-right kenshi then says [['naore'|naore]], and the kenshi stop reiing.\n*See also: [[owarimasu]].
*Command meaning '[[rei|gassho rei]] each other'.\n*When the [[kenshi]] do this, it symbolizes every kenshi's gratitude for the help of the other kenshi.
*Prefixed by a session item (see [[renshu]]), this signals the end of a session item.\n*The front-right, or rightmost [[kenshi]] responds [['rei'|gassho rei]], and all the kenshi rei. The front-right kenshi then says [['naore'|naore]], and the kenshi stop reiing.\n*See also: [[o-hajimemasu]].
*the closest kempo has to sparring. In randori partners practice a range of techniques fluidly and without planning. Randori ranges from being very constrained (eg, only a few techniques allowed, slow speed, emphasizing one aspect of training or one skill) to being completely free.
*after executing a technique, complete some [[randori]] style moves to demonstrate that the technique can be integrated seamlessly with other techniques.
*a training session.\n!Typical structure\nEach of the following items (excluding Arrival) are led in and out by formalities led by a [[sensei]], involving lots of [[reiing|gassho rei]]. [[Renshu o-hajimemasu]] and [[Renshu owarimasu]] are the lead-in and lead-out for the entire session. Different senseis, and sometimes senior [[kenshi]], may take different parts of the session.\n*[[Arrival]] - aim to arrive about 15 minutes early to allow time to change and put the real world to the back of your mind, in readiness for training. [[Samu]] may occur here too.\n*[[Samu]] - cleaning the dojo, readying it for training.\n*[[Renshu o-hajimemasu]] - the session opening, humbly asking each other to help each other train.\n*[[Taiso|Taiso: warmup]] - warm up, important before any sort of reasonable exertion.\n*[[Kihon]] - basics: repeatedly practicing the simplest techniques on which all other techniques are based.\n*[[Chinkon]] - recital of half of the [[Dokun]], followed by Zazen meditation, followed by the rest of the Dokun.\n*[[Howa]] - philosophy of Kempo, based on [[Kaiso's Kongo Zen|Kaiso]].\n*[[Hokei]] - practice of techniques with partners.\n*[[Taiso|Taiso: warmdown]] - warm down: good to do after any sort of reasonable exertion.\n*[[Seiho]] - acupressure massage designed to rejuvenate and relax the body after hard training.\n*[[Renshu owarimasu]] - ending the session, announcements, tidying the dojo, and thanking each other for training.
*Command, used by the [[sensei]], meaning 'line up'.\n*The sensei will be standing at the front of the [[dojo]], in front of the [[manji]] when this is said.\n*The [[kenshi]] respond to this by forming a rectangular grid spaced out over the dojo, standing in [[kesshu kamae]], facing the sensei. They form rows stacking to the back of the dojo, filling from right to left (as you face the dojo). The first kenshi to get into the grid tends to be in the front right position, and will stick his or her arms out (right arm upwards, left arm straight out to the side) and shout [[shugo]], meaning 'assemble'. This all happens so fast that often the grid doesn't fill up, it just appears more or less instantly and sometimes jumbledly, as all the kenshi run to the grid simultaneously.\n//in smaller clubs a senior kenshi will sometimes do this, especially if the Sensei is late!//
*teacher.
*Usually used as a command meaning, 'face the front of the [[dojo]]', used by the [[sensei]]. After saying this, the sensei will turn to face the [[manji]]. The sensei commands [['rei'|gassho rei]], the [[kenshi]] rei, and then the sensei commands [['naore'|naore]].
*Command meaning 'assemble', see [[Renshu o-hajimemasu]].
*forms/kata.\n*tenchi ken dai ikkei - the first tan'en learnt by most kenshi.
*''Gi'' - skills, basic skillset (words) ([[Kihon]])\n*''Jutsu'' - application of skills in a situation (sentence) ([[Hokei]], [[randori]])\n*''Ryaku'' - strategy, application of skills for a purpose (story)\nThis trio shows how the basic skills of kempo build up into a greater whole.
*''Shu'' - imitate\n*''Ha'' - adapt\n*''Ri'' - discard\nThis trio shows the order of training, first copy your [[sensei]]'s form exactly. When you have copied their form, you can begin to adapt it with your knowledge of the principles. Eventually you may gain enough understanding to discard the form entirely, and express the principles through your movement directly.
*howa: meaning of randori: contained chaos: being random in the box (01/04/2006)
*blocks.
*rolls. If you're falling, or on the floor, rolling is often a good way to get back on your feet quickly.\n**[[mae ukemi]] - forward roll\n**[[ushiro ukemi]] - backward roll - //Amazing technique: look over 'easy' shoulder, drop down, then look over other shoulder, and roll. It works!//\n**[[yoko ukemi]] - sideways roll\n**[[dai sharin]] - basically a cartwheel\n*[[ren han ko]] after ukemi tends to be relatively difficult, as rolling tends to make you a bit dizzy, so it's good to practice this!\n*After rolling, make sure you're facing the way you came: presumably you were rolling away from an attacker, so face them again. Unless there are multiple attackers, in which case I guess all bets are off...
*footwork. Good foot placement and movement makes a big difference to your technique, for a lot of reasons.
*backward.
*defend against a hand attack to jodan by dodging backwards and kicking.\n!Steps\n*start in kokutsu dachi (weight on back leg).\n*as soon as gyaku zuki is on its way, roll body backwards, blocking kinteki with shita uke and attacking the opponent's chudan with jun geri.
Backward roll. Take care to tuck your head in!
*absolute beginners wear this belt\n!Techniques for white belt\n*Goho\n**[[mae ryusui geri]]\n**[[ushiro ryusui geri]]
*sideways.
Sideways roll, starting from lying on the ground. You roll a few times on the ground, then whip your legs round, and up into stance. Tough. I don't really get this yet.
*punches.